Ever since Evolution Process started, many hundreds of thousands of years ago tribal system came into existence which is continuing till today. The House of Saud and its allies quickly rose to become the dominant sovereignty in Arabia by first conquering Nejd, and then expanding their influence over the eastern coast which measures from Kuwait down to the northern borders of Oman. Furthermore, Saud’s forces brought the highlands of Asir under their suzerainty, while Muhammed bin Abd Al Wahhab wrote letters to people and scholars to enter the field of jihad, by means of debate and scholarly work, to remove elements of polytheism which existed in their countries such as Iraq, Egypt, India, Yemen and Syria. After many military campaigns, Saud died in 1765, leaving the leadership to his son, Abdul Aziz Bin Muhammad. Saud’s forces went so far as to gain command of the Shi’a holy city of Karbala in 1801. Here they destroyed grave markers of saints and monuments, which the ultra-conservative Salafi brand of Islam considers to be acts of polytheism. Eleven years after the death of Muhammed bin Abd Al Wahhab the son of Abdul Aziz Bin Muhammad, Saud bin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud, set out forces to bring the region of Hejaz under his rule. Taif was the first city to be captured, and later the two holy cities of Macca and Madina. This was seen as a major challenge to the authority of the Ottoman Empire, which had exercised its rule over the holy cities since 1517.
The House of Saud is the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia. The family has thousands of members. It is composed of the descendants of Muhammad bin Saud and his brothers, though the ruling faction of the family is primarily led by the descendants of Abdulaziz Ibn Saud. The most influential member of the Royal family is the King of Saudi Arabia, currently King Salman.
Macca is the holy city for Muslims because of Muhammad’s (PBUH) birth place and Madina being the first ever Islamic state of the history. Point to ponder is that Muhammad’s (PBUH) did not name this state after his name while Saud’s tribal leader named the whole Arab State after his name as Saudi Arabia, first ever state in the history name to exhibit a powerful person who was titled as “Khadmain Shareefain”. Unfortunately all respects were awarded to him and his family descendants similar to the one given to Macca and Madina and followers of Muhammad’s (PBUH) forgot his last address at last Hajj occasion. There are so many factors for this malpractice still in continuity like social and economical.
Above are the main factors to divide Muslim Ummah and have become a great cause of conflicts among Islamic states. I am of the belief and absolute conviction that if my house is in order then no outsider can interfere into my domestic affairs.